4 Devotions of Life Changing Small Groups

“And they devoted themselves to the apostles’ teaching and the fellowship, to the breaking of bread and the prayers” (Acts 2:42 ESV).

We’re not a church with small groups. We’re a church of small groups. Our church started in my living room with seven people. So, we’ve considered small groups to be one of the keys to fulfilling our calling to make disciples from day one.

As our church has grown in attendance, we have continually launched more small groups, or “community groups,” as we call them. Over 75% of our weekend services attenders are involved in one of our community groups. We recognize the importance of growing big and small at the same time, so as our weekend attendance grows, we launch more groups. And we strive to keep our church calendar uncluttered to make it easier for members to follow the the weekly rhythm of meeting together in the “temple courts and from house to house” (Acts 2:46, 5:42).

But the real secret to our life-changing small groups are the four devotions of the first century church found in Acts 2:42. The Scripture says that they were devoted to 1) the apostle’s teaching, 2) the fellowship, 3) the breaking of bread and 4) the prayers. So, we decided to base our community group ministry on these same four commitments.

1. A Shared Faith (“The apostle’s teaching”). All of our groups study the sermon from that previous weekend. We plan our sermons a year in advance to make sure that we offer a balanced diet of expositional studies through books of the Bible, topical sermon series that address current needs, such as biblical parenting, marriage, and financial stewardship, and other sermon series that our teaching team prayerfully prepares to meet the unique needs or our flock. Our desire is that the community groups would help move the weekly sermon from head to heart, as members discuss and apply the Scripture to their lives. Our teaching team writes weekly community group discussion guides to help facilitate the shepherding of these groups. Having the whole church essentially studying the same Scripture every week is also a powerful unifier, which leads to the second commitment…

2. A Shared Family (“the fellowship”). The commitment to meet together weekly in one another’s homes creates a more family-like environment. The shared hospitality of sitting knee to knee with a beverage and Bible in hand makes for a more relational experience. The Greek word for fellowship is koinonia. This word could also be translated communion or participation. And that’s the key to this second commitment, we want people to actively participate in discussion and application of the Word of God to their lives. We’ve learned that people are better discipled in circles, than in rows. These groups help facilitate life on life discipleship.

3. A Shared Food (“the breaking of bread”). Sharing a meal together and regularly remembering the Lord’s Supper together is the third commitment. We train our community group shepherds to plan a weekly meeting that lasts around two hours. The first hour is to be devoted to fellowship and food, and the second hour to Bible study and prayer. There’s just something about eating together that breaks down barriers and enhances the sense of family.

4. A Shared Focus (“the prayers”). Praying together is the fourth commitment. We encourage our groups to keep this in balance with the other three commitments. We want our groups praying real and transparent prayers together. This takes time and trust. We’ve found that breaking up into men’s and women’s groups for prayer time often enhances the trust factor. Men and women are different. And they often have different prayer and communication habits. The key here is to be creative. Sometimes they might pray all together, sometimes in pairs or triplets, and sometimes according to gender.

When we first launch a new community group, we have them study Acts 2:42 together for the first four weeks before joining the rest of the church in studying the sermon. We’ve written a new group launch guide for this. We also encourage the group to appoint champions for each of the four commitments during the launch. The group shepherd will champion the apostle’s teaching, but will also name an apprentice. Then, they are to ask for volunteers to champion the other three commitments. So, each group has a fellowship champion, who keeps members informed of meeting times/places, birthdays and anniversaries; a food champion, who organizes the weekly meals; and a prayer champion, who records the prayer requests and keeps the group informed concerning the group’s prayer list.

By basing our small group ministry on the four commitments of the first century church, we have seen wonderful and miraculous life change in the members of our church. It is not always easy to stay committed to these four devotions. There is always a temptation to add or subtract or to emphasize one over the other. Sometimes it is like herding cats trying to convince people of the efficacy of this approach. But it has been our experience that when we steadfastly commit ourselves to these four devotions and keep them in balance, life change happens!



This is an edited version of my article from  August 25, 2016.

Taking off the training wheels

“Train up a child in the way he should go: and when he is old, he will not depart from it” (Proverbs 22:6 KJV).

When we first moved to North Carolina our children were ages five, two, and one. None of them could ride a bike without training wheels. The youngest was still mastering the art of walking.

Stephen, our oldest, hadn’t been able to practice riding at our previous home in Virginia. Our old driveway was too steep and it ended on a two-lane highway. Not a good place to learn how to ride a bike. But our new home in Wilson, NC had a long, level concrete driveway, perfect for bicycle practice. Plus, it had a fenced-in backyard with a gate closing off the driveway from the main road.

Stephen and his two-year old little brother, Jonathan, spent every day riding between the closed gate and the garage in the backyard. Stephen rode his little blue bike with training wheels and Jonathan followed on his “big wheel.” Little by little I raised the training wheels on Stephen’s bike, so that they only touched the ground when he leaned too far. Within a couple of months, Stephen was riding his bike without training wheels.

We also bought Jonathan a little red bike with training wheels that year. He was so focused on keeping up with his big brother that I started raising his training wheels too. Robin worried about this. She said, “I think he’s too little, Gary.”

But I’d been watching him and he really seemed to have the balance, so I took his training wheels off too. “He can do it.” I replied. “Just watch.”

And he did. Our little two-year old was soon chasing his big brother around the driveway without training wheels too. He was like a bicycle prodigy or something!

Before long I started leading my little bicycle tribe out onto the road in our subdivision. I had installed a child seat on the back of my old 10-speed, so baby Erin could join the fun. Before we headed out I always had a huddle with the team to plan our journey.

“Stephen, you lead the way, but don’t go too fast. Make sure your brother is keeping up. And remember to stop at the stop sign.” I instructed.

“OK, Daddy.” He replied.

“What?” I asked, with a perturbed look.

“Yes, my father.” He replied, a look of intensity in his eyes as he accepted the responsibility of leading (When I gave out formal mission plans, the boys had to respond with “My father.” It was part of the training).

“Jonathan, you follow your brother. Remember, to stay right behind him and don’t weave around and stuff. And most of all, don’t forget to use your brakes to stop.” I told my younger son, while looking in his eyes (Jonathan had a bad habit of stopping by dragging his feet on the ground rather than using the coaster brake.).

“Yes, my father.” He said with his little scratchy voice and a nod of his head. He was already bumping Stephen with his bike tire, rearing to get on the road.

“Are you ready, Erin?” I asked, leaning around to look at her there on the back of my bike.

She just nodded and smiled. She hadn’t worked out the talking thing yet.

We headed out onto the road with Stephen in the lead, Jonathan in the middle, and myself and Erin bringing up the rear. This put me in a position to keep an eye on the pack and shout instructions along the way.

“Turn left after stopping, Stephen.” I shouted.

“Yes Sir.” He said while gesturing a left turn with his arm (Yes, they had to use turn signals).

Little by little, we traveled farther and farther from home as the children grew. Time flew. It didn’t seem that long before I was handing each of them car keys and then seeing them graduate and marry. Every step we just kept raising the training wheels a little higher.

As I prepare to close out our parenting series this Sunday, I’m reminded of how much parenting and bike riding have in common. At first, they both involved use of my authority more than my influence. I had to teach them to obey my instructions. But along the way I also kept raising their training wheels, so that they had more and more authority of their own. I moved from a position of absolute authority, to the voice of influence.

The art of parenting is recognizing this transition from authority to influence. We exercise our authority while they are young, but as they grow we must exchange authority for influence. We must begin trusting them with more authority along the way, as we teach them “the way they should go.”

That’s the key. First, teach them to obey, then teach them to know “the way.” When we do this, our authority will gradually decrease, but it will be replaced by a growing influence that will last the rest of our days together.

We want our children to ultimately be followers of God’s way. As parents, we have a holy stewardship. God gives our children to us and we raise them up and give them back to Him.


Adapted from my previous blog entry on June 4, 2010.

4 imperatives for raising up children in the Lord

‘Children, obey your parents in the Lord, for this is right. “Honor your father and mother” (this is the first commandment with a promise), “that it may go well with you and that you may live long in the land.” Fathers, do not provoke your children to anger, but bring them up in the discipline and instruction of the Lord.’ — Ephesians 6:1-4 (ESV)

What is your parenting approach? Where did you learn how to be a mom or dad? Was it from your parents? From friends, or a book? Or are you just winging it? What is your parenting style?

In Chip Ingram’s book, Effective Parenting in a Defective World, he relates the research of sociologist Reuben Hill who conducted a study of thousands of families and how their parenting style affected their children. He put his research results on a grid that measured discipline and relational affection and discovered four parenting styles:

The Permissive Parent. Represents parents who are high in love but low in discipline. The study revealed that permissive parents tend to produce children with very low self-esteem and feelings of inferiority. The kids feel loved, but they are never sure of their limits. Their parents are generally fearful, afraid of messing up and damaging their children’s psyche, so they never set firm boundaries. 

The Neglectful Parent. This kind of parent doesn’t express much love and also doesn’t discipline. Their children tend to grow up with no lasting relationship with Mom or Dad. The parents’ neglect may not necessarily be intentional. They may simply be in the midst of their own traumas and chaos, like an addiction or an abusive situation. They don’t purposely desire to neglect their kids, but they don’t know how to deal with their own issues adequately and don’t have the tools to be healthy parents.

The Authoritarian Parent. This kind of parent doesn’t express love and affection well, but is high on discipline. They raise children who are provoked to rebellion. The bar is always high and the “musts” are always abundant, so there’s a strong sense of safety. But this kind of parent isn’t content just to win the war; they have to win every battle too. Communication between parent and child takes the form of arguing and fighting, especially when the child is old enough to fight back. Authoritarian parents squeeze their kids until the kids can’t wait to leave home, and as soon as they do, they rebel.

The Authoritative Parent. Those who land in the upper right quadrant provide the best combination of love and discipline. This kind of parent is authoritative, not an overbearing authoritarian, but a compassionate yet firm authority. They have clear boundaries but are also very loving. Ingram calls them “fellowshipping” parents; everyone knows who the boss is, but there’s also a connection between parents and child, a consideration that respects and honors who the child is while not compromising his or her disciplinary needs. The result is a child high in self-esteem and equipped with good coping skills.

It just so happens that the “authoritative” parenting style that sociologists found to be most effective, is very similar to the one the Bible teaches. God’s Word teaches the importance of balancing discipline and affection in child-rearing.

In his letter to the Ephesians, the apostle Paul taught believers how to raise up their children in the Lord. As Christians, we can follow God’s Word in the training of our children and raise them up to maturity according to God’s intent.  When we look closely at Ephesians 6:1-4, the text gives four imperatives for raising up our children in the Lord.

4 Imperatives for Raising Up Children in the Lord:

1. Give them the right standard to obey. In Ephesians 6:1 we read, “Children, obey your parents in the Lord, for this is right.”  The word “obey” is the first imperative verb. In the Greek, it literally means “to come under hearing.” Of course, this implies that parents are giving their children something to follow or obey. Parents must teach their children to obey. This means being their father, being their mother, rather than trying to be their buddy or friend. If parents fulfill their God-given role as father and mother when their children are young, then they will be friends when they are grown.

And what standard should parents give their children to obey? Regardless of the worldly view that all things are relative, there is a right and a wrong. The standard for right and wrong is revealed in the Bible. Give them a biblical standard to obey. Help them to see that you are authorized by God to raise them up to maturity. Give them the Bible as your standard, but don’t use it only for correction. Show them how to hear from God themselves through His Word for their encouragement.

2. Show them the way of honor. In Ephesians 6:2-3, Paul quoted the Decalogue’s fourth commandment, “Honor your father and mother” (this is the first commandment with a promise), “that it may go well with you and that you may live long in the land.” The second imperative in Paul’s instruction is found here in the word “honor.” Parents must teach their children to honor them. This involves two steps: 1) Teach them to recognize the God-given authority of parents, and 2) Teach them to give the honor due their parents. This commandment includes a promise. So, children who learn to honor their parents will grow up to live under God’s blessing and care. Those who don’t honor their parents, grow up outside of God’s blessing.

Children are not born honoring their parents. It must be taught. It also must be caught. In other words, parents must model it in how they treat their children in an honorable way themselves.

3. Encourage them with sensitivity and consistency. In Ephesians 6:4, Paul commanded, “Fathers, do not provoke your children to anger…” The verb translated “do not provoke” is the third imperative in this passage. It means that parents should avoid driving their children to anger, discouragement, and frustration in their parenting. This means that there is to be a balance to a parent’s authority. This balance comes from knowing a child’s nature and being consistent in discipline.

What provokes children to anger? There are several ways parents might sin against their children in their parenting style, such as too much fault-finding, or by not spending enough time together to know the child, or by negative labeling of the child (i.e. Calling them “lazy, stupid, etc.”). Other ways that might “provoke” them is comparing them to other children, being inconsistent in discipline or being hypocritical (i.e. “Do as I say, not as I do”).

Parents are to be sensitive to their child’s personality and to be consistent in their rules and discipline. Their job is not just good behavior. It’s to bring them up in the Lord. Parents should aim past the behavior. They must aim at the heart.

4. Train them with appropriate discipline and instruction. The last part of Ephesians 6:4 says, “but bring them up in the discipline and instruction of the Lord.” This verse contains the fourth and final imperative, which is translated, “bring them up.”  In the Greek original, the imperative verb means to nourish or train up to maturity. Parents should have the goal in mind to represent God’s authority to them until their child reaches the age where the role of authority shifts to God alone.

Parents are to bring up children according to two godly methods: 1) “discipline,” which implies physical training and correction, and 2) “instruction,” which implies verbal training and warning. In other words, parents are to use a two-pronged approach of both physical and verbal correction and instruction in bringing their children up in the Lord.

Parenting is a stewardship and a gift from the Lord. Let us determine, with God’s help, to raise up our children according to the four imperatives found in God’s Word.

You can’t do the “one anothers” without one another!

“A new commandment I give to you, that you love one another: just as I have loved you, you also are to love one another. By this all people will know that you are my disciples, if you have love for one another.” — John 13:34-35

“About 20 years ago, a church member was considered active in the church if he or she attended three times a week. Today, a church member is considered active in the church if he or she attends three times a month.” —Thom S. Rainer

“Do not reduce church to listening to a podcast. It’s so much more than that. It’s community. It’s worshiping with others, praying for others, hurting with others, serving others, being involved in the lives of others.” — Craig Groeschel

There’s a downward trend in church attendance among Christian believers these days. Many point to the busyness of work schedules, children’s sports activities and other competing interests to explain the decline. Still others explain that it’s just easier to stay home and watch a sermon video podcast and put together your own favorite worship song playlist.

Many are asking, “Why do we even need to come to church worship services when we can just stay home, lay in bed and watch the sermon on our TV screens between our socked feet?”

They have a point. If church attendance is just about a passive hearing and watching of sermons and songs, why not stay at home and do it?

But what if coming together is about something more? What if it’s about something a lot more?

Remember Christ’s “new command?” He told his disciples that he had a new command for them, that they love one another just as he had loved them. But what was so “new” about this command? After all, the book of Leviticus already had the “love your neighbor as yourself” (Lev. 19:18) command.

What was new about Christ’s new command? At least two things:

1. New focus. The original command called for love of neighbor, but the new command calls for us to love “one another.” That’s a new focus for loving because as believers, we’re invited into a new community, a new family, with Christ as its Head. We’re to have a special kind of love for other believers because we’re members of God’s family. Jesus said that “all people will know that you are my disciples” by this love for one another.

2. New quality. The former quality of love in the original command was to love your neighbor “as yourself.” But the new quality is to love one another as “Christ has loved us.” The command from Leviticus was based on obedience to God, “I am the Lord.” Now, the new command is based on Christ’s sacrificial love for us. We’re to love one another with Christ’s kind of love.

A survey of the New Testament shows that this new command from Jesus inspired a whole plethora of “one another” commands to help explain its implications. One Bible commentator counted 56 “one another” commands in the New Testament. What does it look like to love one another as Christ has loved us? Consider these other “one another” commands:

  • “Live in harmony with one another . . .” (Rom. 12:16).
  • “Therefore welcome one another as Christ has welcomed you . . .” (Rom. 15:7).
  • “… comfort one another, agree with one another, live in peace . . .” (2 Cor. 13:11).
  • “. . . through love serve one another” (Gal. 5:13).
  • “Be kind to one another, tenderhearted, forgiving one another, as God in Christ forgave you” (Eph. 4:32).
  • “Therefore encourage one another and build one another up . . .” (1 Thess. 5:11).
  • “Therefore, confess your sins to one another and pray for one another . . .” (James 5:16).
  • “. . . love one another earnestly from a pure heart” (1 Peter 1:22).
  • “Show hospitality to one another without grumbling” (1 Peter 4:9).

When we look at all the “one anothers” in the Bible, we have to admit that they can’t be done at home alone. Perhaps thats why the author of Hebrews wrote this “one another” command, “And let us consider how to stir up one another to love and good works, not neglecting to meet together, as is the habit of some, but encouraging one another, and all the more as you see the Day drawing near” (Heb. 10:24-25).

The Bible makes it clear that you can’t do the “one anothers” without coming together with one another.

See you this Sunday?

Three ways to experience relief for your anxiety

He that dwelleth in the secret place of the most High shall abide under the shadow of the Almighty. I will say of the LORD, He is my refuge and my fortress: my God; in him will I trust.  Surely he shall deliver thee from the snare of the fowler, and from the noisome pestilence. He shall cover thee with his feathers, and under his wings shalt thou trust: his truth shall be thy shield and buckler. Thou shalt not be afraid for the terror by night; nor for the arrow that flieth by day; Nor for the pestilence that walketh in darkness; nor for the destruction that wasteth at noonday. . . . Because thou hast made the LORD, which is my refuge, even the most High, thy habitation.” — Psalm 91:1-5, 9 (KJV)

“If you are depressed, you are living in the past. If you are anxious, you are living in the future. If you are at peace, you are living in the present.” — Anonymous


Americans are anxious. According to some studies, we might actually be the most anxious people on planet Earth.

“The United States is now the most anxious nation in the world… Stress-related ailments cost the nation $300 billion every year in medical bills and lost productivity, while our usage of sedative drugs keeps skyrocketing; just between 1997 and 2004, Americans more than doubled their spending on anti-anxiety medications like Xanax and Valium, from $900 million to $2.1 billion.” — Taylor Clark, “It’s Not the Job Market: The Three Real Reasons Why Americans Are More Anxious”

In fact, anxiety disorders are the “number one mental health problem among [American] women and are second only to alcohol and drug abuse among men.” —Edmund J. Bourne, The Anxiety and Phobia Workbook

Yet, perhaps even more concerning is that our children are suffering from anxiety at a higher rate than any previous generation. Sociologists are referring to this anxious generation following the Millennials, as “Generation Z.”

“Gen Z is nervous. They are experiencing more anxiety, depression and pressure than ever before. Studies show that today’s kids are 6 times more likely to have anxiety and depression than their grandparents did at their age.  Anxiety is the leading mental health issue among American children and continues to rise. The latest study from the Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics shows that, in recent years, there has been a 20% increase in anxiety diagnoses for children ages 6 to 17.” — Dale Hudson, “Why Gen Z Is Nervous.”

There are many reasons given for this increase of anxiousness in our society by the various studies. In his book, Goliath Must Fall, Louie Giglio offers “three causes” for our anxiety. He identifies fear and anxiety as one of the “giants that we battle.” He says anxiety is a symptom of three deeper “C” causes. The first is “Conditioning” (i.e., “You were born into a family of worriers.”). The second is “Concealing.” (i.e., “Any time we conceal something major under the hood of our lives, fear is allowed to flourish.”).  And the third is “Controlling.” (i.e., “Some people want to control everything. They soon realize that much of life can’t be controlled—particularly how other people act. So fear, stress, worry, and anxiety are born.”).”  — Louie Giglio, Goliath Must Fall: Winning the Battle Against Your Giants

Whatever the root causes for anxiety, I believe that God’s Word offers a healing answer. I’ve noticed that the Psalms are a kind of balm for our troubled souls. When we pray the Psalms to the Lord, letting Him apply His Word to our hurts and fears, we experience relief from anxiety and peace in its place. We will alway face trouble and therefore anxiety in this world. But there is help in the Lord and His Word.

In Psalm 91, the Psalmist wrote that those experiencing fearful anxiety could find relief by abiding in the Lord. How? The text offers three ways. Look at Psalm 91:2 again,

I will say of the LORD, He is my refuge and my fortress: my God; in him will I trust.” 

Notice the all caps in the word, “LORD?” In modern English translations, that’s how they translate the Hebrew covenantal name of God, “Yahweh.” This is the name of God, which means, “I AM,” that was revealed to Moses at the burning bush (Ez. 3:14). It has been observed that God’s covenantal name, “I AM,” speaks of His being eternally present and self-existent. His name is not, “I WAS,” nor “I WILL BE,” but “I AM.” He is the God of the present.

As we mentioned in the anonymous quote above, It has been observed that if you are depressed, you are living in the past and if you are anxious, you are living in the future. But if you are at peace, you are living in the present. Perhaps this saying is true because the only way to truly live in the present is to “abide in the LORD.”

Three ways to experience relief from anxiety by abiding in the LORD:

1. Look to the LORD as your refuge. When the psalmist was worried about tomorrow, he hid in the eternal “I AM as his refuge. A refuge is a place of retreat and rest. He said, “The LORD is my refuge!” We can look to the LORD as our refuge.

2. Look to the LORD as your fortress. When the psalmist felt under attack, either by real or imagined threats, he looked to the LORD as his “fortress.” When panic attacks swept over him like a flood, he called on the “Almighty” God (Hebrew: El Shaddai) as his “shield and buckler,” his mighty warrior and defender. The great “I AM” is always present to defend us. We can look to the LORD as our fortress, our place of safety.

3. Look to the LORD as your Creator. The psalmist called on the LORD saying, “He is my God; in him I will trust.” He had a personal relationship with God. Here he used the Hebrew word, “Elohim,” for “God.” This is the first name of God revealed in the Bible. In Genesis 1:1 we read, “In the beginning God (Elohim) created the heavens and the earth.” The name “Elohim” is the name of the Creator-God. We can pray to the One who made us. He knows what makes us tick. He knows us better than we know ourselves. We can trust Him. Give God your worries and concerns. He is the Creator-God. He can do all things.

All three ways listed above begin as prayers. Turn your worries into prayers. Stop your self-talk, which only increases your anxiety. Start talking to God, which leads to peace. Give the Lord your past, trust Him with your future, and ask Him to be with you in the present.

As the apostle Paul wrote, “Do not be anxious about anything, but in every everything, by prayer and petition, with thanksgiving, present your requests to God. And the peace of God, which transcends all understanding, will guard your hearts and your minds in Christ Jesus” (Phil. 4:6-7).

We can learn to abide in the “I AM” to find relief from our anxiety.



The sincere faith of my mother and grandmother

“I have been reminded of your sincere faith, which first lived in your grandmother Lois and in your mother Eunice and, I am persuaded, now lives in you also” (2 Timothy 1:5 NIV).

The church of my youth had annual revival services. We would often have an evangelist come and share how God had miraculously saved him from a life of sin. He would preach with fiery enthusiasm and through tears about how God had taken a former drunkard, (or addict, thief, murderer, etc.) and saved him.

These “Damascus Road” testimonies were amazing to me. I was envious of their certainty and passion. As a boy, I often doubted my salvation because I hadn’t had such an awesome conversion. I had no flash of light, no voice of God. At age eight, I had just decided to give my life to Jesus the way my mother and grandmother had taught me.

As I grew in my faith, I no longer doubted my salvation, but I still sometimes wished that my testimony was more exciting. Why couldn’t I have a testimony more like the apostle Paul’s?

Maybe that’s what Timothy was feeling when Paul wrote him that second letter. Paul was so fearless and certain when he testified of his faith, but Timothy was a little timid. When he compared himself to his mentor he just didn’t feel like he measured up.

Paul would have none of that. He reminded Timothy of the spiritual legacy that his mother and grandmother had given him. Timothy had been spared the suffering and sorrow of Paul’s many mistakes before coming to Christ. Paul reminded Timothy that the “sincere faith” which had “lived” in his mother and grandmother, now “lived” in him.

As a grown man, I’m glad that I have a “Timothy testimony.” The two most influential people in my spiritual development were women. They were my grandmother Ettie and my mother Wilda. They didn’t have the same names as “Eunice and Lois”, but they did have the same “sincere faith” living in them.

Sincere faith. The kind that is more than religion, more than rules and ritual. These women loved and lived for their Lord in such a sincere way that what they passed on to me was more caught than taught.

My mother and her mother are with Jesus now, but their sincere faith still lives here in me.

Happy Mother’s Day.



Reprint from my blog on May 9, 2014.

For those that asked about my reading list for Daniel . . .

For those that asked about my reading list for Daniel . . .

. . . here it is. I’ve tried to list most of the books that I have read and quoted from during our twelve-week series through the book of Daniel.  I have also included a couple of the charts that I’ve made, as well as some maps and images, to help illustrate some of the more difficult to understand parts of Daniel. I pray that this reading list and other helps will encourage you as you continue your study of the amazing book of Daniel!


Akin, Dr. Daniel L.. Exalting Jesus in Daniel (Christ-Centered Exposition Commentary). B&H Publishing Group, 2017.

Archer, Gleason Leonard, Jr. “Daniel.” In The Expositor’s Bible Commentary. Vol. 7: Daniel-Minor Prophets. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1985.

Archer, Gleason Leonard, Jr. (Translator) and St. Jerome (Author). Commentary On Daniel. Dalcassian Publishing Co. 2017.

Goldingay, John. “Daniel.” Word Biblical Commentary, Vol. 30. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2015.

Greidanus, Sidney. Preaching Christ from Daniel: Foundations for Expository Sermons. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2012.

Helm, David. Daniel for You. Purcellville, VA: The Good Book Company, 2015.

Jeremiah, David. The Handwriting On The Wall: Secrets From The Prophecies Of Daniel. Nashville: W Publishing Group. 1992.

Lewis, C. S. The Weight of Glory. New York: Harper Collins Publishers, 1949. Copyright renewed, 1976.

McGee, J. Vernon. “Daniel.” Thru the Bible, Vol. 3: Proverbs-Malachi.  Nashville: Thomas Nelson. 1983.

Miller, Stephen R. “Daniel.” The New American Commentary, Vol. 18. Nashville: Broadman & Holman, 1994.

Walvoord, John F. The Prophecy Knowledge Handbook: All the Prophecies of Scripture Explained in One Volume. Victor Books. 1990.

Wiersbe, Warren. Wiersbe’s Expository Outlines on the Old Testament. David C. Cook Publishing. 1993.






Division of Alexander’s Empire by his four generals:

4 ways you can help with phase one

“I thank my God every time I remember you.  In all my prayers for all of you, I always pray with joy because of your partnership in the gospel from the first day until now, being confident of this, that he who began a good work in you will carry it on to completion until the day of Christ” — Philippians 1:3-6

This past Wednesday, we closed on the loan to begin phase one of our church’s building expansion! We also received word from our contractor that the engineering plans for phase one should be submitted for city approval by today or the beginning of next week. So, the Lord has given us great things to report to you today!

Hopefully, we will see the “good work begin and be carried on to completion” in time for KidzFest. At the very latest, we pray that the work will be completed in time for the opening of the school year for our partnership with Great Accomplishments Academy to continue thriving and growing.

So, how can you help with phase one?

1. Pray. Pray for the plans and approvals to move quickly and smoothly between us, our contractor and the city inspectors. Pray for the work to begin as soon as possible. Pray that the work will be done with excellence and be completed in time for Kidzfest and the beginning of the new school year.

2. Be flexible. We’re in a season of growth and change. You may have to park in a different space, or enter through a different door, or even sit in a different seat because of construction or because of growing attendance. Don’t complain. Be flexible. And don’t resist. Smile and be flexible to park, enter, or sit where our volunteer team of guest services asks you to do so.

3. Give. We didn’t do a capital giving campaign to raise money for phase one. We had the room in our equity to borrow the money. And with the increased rent we’ll receive from the expansion of the Academy, our total monthly mortgage payments for this year will actually end up being less than we budgeted. This means that the payment for phase one will be paid out of our general fund, which is funded by your regular tithes and offerings. So, if you want to give extra, there’s no need to designate it to a building fund. Just give as you normally do, and even more as the Lord directs.

4. Share the good news. Why do we feel called to expand our facility? Because we want to reach more people with the gospel. Why did we start with the children’s classrooms in phase one? Because the Lord has been trusting us with young families. That’s what God is blessing. Young families with children is the fastest growing segment of our church. So, we want to lean into that, and do it all the more. How can you help? Share the gospel. Tell your neighbors, co-workers, friends and family the good news of what Christ has done. Share the good news. Invite them to attend church with you and see how God is at work. And how God wants to work in their families too.

As the apostle Paul thanked God for his gospel partnership with the church at Philippi, so we want to thank our God for the “partnership in the gospel” He has given us in Wilson. May the Lord carry it on to completion in us until the Day of Christ Jesus!

Behold, the empty tomb

“On the first day of the week, at early dawn, they went to the tomb, taking the spices they had prepared. And they found the stone rolled away from the tomb, but when they went in they did not find the body of the Lord Jesus. While they were perplexed about this, behold, two men stood by them in dazzling apparel. And as they were frightened and bowed their faces to the ground, the men said to them, “Why do you seek the living among the dead?  He is not here, but has risen” (Luke 1-6 ESV).

The word “behold” isn’t used very often in modern English. Yet, it’s the perfect word for the consideration of Christ’s empty tomb. In the Greek, the word translated “behold” means to “look upon with understanding, to see with the mind, to see with inward spiritual perception” (Strong’s Concordance). What do you see when you “behold the empty tomb?”

Church of the Holy Sepulcher

I’ve seen the empty tomb, or should I say, “tombs.” For there are two empty tomb sites in Jerusalem. I’ve visited both of the sites where Jesus’ body may have been laid. The first, is the traditional one found in the Church of the Holy Sepulcher. The church was commissioned to be built in 326 AD by Constantine under the urging of his mother, Helena, in order to preserve both the tomb and the site of Christ’s crucifixion.

The Aedicule

Unfortunately, in their effort to preserve they have actually obscured any sense of what the place may have looked like in the first century. Within the church, they built a shrine over the tomb called the “Aedicule” (Latin for “shrine”). While the ancient church building was amazing to visit, I didn’t find it in any way helpful to me in “beholding” the empty tomb. Too much of gold and glitter, incense and icons for my taste.

Gordon’s Calvary

However, I loved visiting the second site known as the Garden Tomb. It is located next to Gordon’s Calvary, so named because of British General Charles Gordon’s conviction that the skull-like cliff must have been the hill called “Golgatha,” which means “place of the skull,” where Jesus was crucified. It is difficult to see the face of the skull in the cliff face today because of erosion and because they have located a bus terminal on the ground in front of it. Although difficult to make out from the Garden tomb, I learned that you can still see the skull clearly in the rock face when looking from the top of the walls surrounding Jerusalem.

The Garden Tomb

While those who manage the Garden Tomb make no claim that it is the authentic location of Christ’s tomb, it is a tomb that closely resembles the biblical description in many key details. Because of these details and because it is preserved in such a natural fashion, it makes for an excellent site for meditative viewing. Our tour group spent considerable time there and I was even privileged to lead them in a communion service near the empty tomb.

The Garden Tomb has been maintained by a nondenominational charitable trust from the United Kingdom since 1894 named The Garden Tomb Association. It is near the Damascus Gate outside Old Jerusalem. In our 2013 visit, we stayed at a hotel only a 5-minute walk away from the Garden Tomb and enjoyed stopping by nearly everyday. The association does not charge for entry, but does accept donations and runs a small store for support. We loved having our morning quiet times there!

Seeing the two tombs in Jerusalem was a meaningful experience, especially visiting the Garden Tomb. But regardless, both tombs were empty. Jesus isn’t there. He is risen! That’s the message we can “behold” when we consider the empty tomb. Christ is risen. He has defeated sin, death and the grave. Christ lives! And as the lyrics to the hymn say:

“Because He lives, I can face tomorrow
Because He lives, all fear is gone
Because I know He holds the future
And life is worth the living, just because He lives” (Words & music by Bill Gaither).

A reading plan for Passion Week

“And he said to them, ‘I have earnestly desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer’” (Luke 22:15 ESV).

This coming Sunday begins what many Christians call Holy Week or Passion Week. It is called “Passion” week because of its connection to the Greek word πάσχω (pas’-kho) which is usually translated as “suffer” in the New Testament. This is the word that Jesus used to describe His crucifixion.

A wonderful way to remember Christ’s passion is to visit the Holy Land. I’ve had the privilege of visiting Israel several times. In the attached photo, I’m visiting The Church of the Holy Sepulcher, which traditionally contains the empty tomb. Here, I’m touching the Stone of Anointing, a slab of reddish stone flanked by candlesticks and overhung by a row of eight lamps. It commemorates the place where the body of Jesus was laid, anointed, and prepared for burial.

But you don’t have to go to Israel to remember Christ’s suffering and resurrection. In fact, all the church buildings, slabs and memorials added through the ages by well-meaning church folk can be a distraction. I’ve found that reading the Scriptures that describe the Lord’s final week leading up to the Cross, the Tomb and the Resurrection to be just as moving and beneficial to my spiritual life. With this in mind, I offer this daily reading plan for Passion Week for your edification.

  • Palm Sunday – The Triumphal Entry. Read Matthew 21:1-11; Mark 11:1-11, Luke 19:28-44, or John 12:12-19.
  • Monday – Clearing the Temple. Read Matthew 21:10-17; Mark 11:15-18, or Luke 19:45-48.
  • Tuesday – Teaching in the Temple. Read Matthew 21:23-24:51; Mark 11:27-13:37, or Luke 20:1-21:36.
  • Wednesday – Anointed in Bethany. Read Mark 14:1-11.
  • Maundy Thursday – Last Supper & Garden of Gethsemane. Read Matthew 26:17-30; Mark 14:12-26, Luke 22:7-23, or John 13:1-30.
  • Good Friday – Crucifixion and Death. Matthew 27:1-56; Mark 15:1-41, Luke 22:66-23:50, or John 18:28-19:37.
  • Saturday – In the Tomb. Read Matthew 27:57-66; Mark 15:42-47, Luke 23:50-56, or John 19:38-42.
  • Easter Sunday – The Resurrection. Read Matthew 28:1-13; Mark 16:1-20, Luke 24:1-49, or John 20:1-31.

There are two weeks in the Bible that the Lord inspired its writers to make daily diary entries. They are the seven days of creation and Passion Week. In the first week, He made the world, and in the second, He brought its redemption. God must have thought these two weeks important enough to keep a journal…

… And one worth reading and meditation.



This is an edited version of an earlier post I wrote on April 10, 2014.