“On the east, toward the sunrise, the divisions of the camp of Judah are to encamp under their standard” (Numbers 2:3)

Of the 12 tribes, Judah is given first position. They are to camp under their tribal flag emblazoned with a lion (Gen.49:9), situated due east, so that they are the first to rise with the sun. This is the tribe of the Messiah, whose return through the Eastern Gate is prophesied.